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Course Objectives

  • At the completion of the course the students will be able to:
  • Select a suitable method or strategy to make his/her teaching effective in local context
  • Apply various teaching methods and strategies during teaching of their subjects


  • A textbook is a book used for the study of a subject.
  • Students use a textbook to learn facts and methods about a certain subject.
  • Textbooks sometimes have questions to test the knowledge and understanding of the learner.
  • The concept of text books have changed in the last century.
  • It is basically used as a source of information, 
  • Now it becomes as a course of study a set of unit plan and learning guide as well.
  • A textbook is usually lent to students by a school to accompany a course the school is teaching.
  • A textbook is usually lent to students by a school to accompany a course the school is teaching.

Work Books

  • A workbook is a type of textbook that has only practice questions and exercises. 
  • A booklet containing problem and exercise that a student may work directly on the pages.
  • Work books are very useful tools when used in conjunction with a great textbook or lesson plan..
  • Workbooks are designed not to teach but to provide practice and to highlight areas which need more learning.

Definitions of Textbook

Oxford English dictionary:

 “A book used as a standard work for the study of a particular subject, a manual of instructions in a subject of study “

L.J Lewis: 

“Text book is tool both for the pupil and the teacher”


“It is a standard book for any particular branch of study”


“A book designed for classroom use, carefully prepared by experts in the field and equipped with the usual teaching devices”

According to Foshery:

“Text book is a basic source of ideas and information. 

It presents material in an organized sequence, regulated for reading skills and can be used to stimulate many kinds of activities”.

Qualities of Good text book

  • It should have clear statement of the authors theory, point of view and purpose.  
  • It should recognized desirable aims of education. 
  • It should recognized employ significant instructional aids 
  • It should be typed attractively and clearly.
  • It should be according to the mental level of the students. 
  • It should be according to the demand of the modern era. 
  • It should employ significant instructional material. 
  • It should be typed clearly.

Weaknesses of the textbook approach

  • The textbook/workbook approach doesn’t take into consideration children’s individual learning style or their interests.
  • Lake of direct experience 
  • May not reflect students Needs 
  • Expensive 
  • Information may go out of date 
  • Activities may boring
  • Text books doesn’t encourage original, independent thinking as much as nontraditional approaches.

Strengths of the textbook approach

  • Everything is laid out for ease of use. 
  • It has definite levels of accomplishment. 
  • Testing and assigning grades is easy to do.