How to Improve Reading Skills?-If You are Find to improve Reading skill, types of reading skill, What is scanning?, What is Skimming, then you are the right place arrived. In this Post, You can Realize to Improve Reading Skill Step-by-Step…
What is Reading?
- Reading is the complex cognitive process of decoding symbols to derive meaning.
- It is a form of language processing.
- Success in this process is measured as reading comprehension.
What is the reading process?
- Reading is a visual process. It is the ability to see symbols clearly with the eyes.
- It is a perceptual process-perception meaning that our thought process is able to take these symbols and to invest them with meaning.
- It is an experimental process; because, without experience, the mind will be unable to invest meaning in the symbols that we see.
- The immediate situational context includes the reader’s knowledge about the topic, the reader’s purpose for reading, and other factors related to the situation.
Reading is a transactive process in which readers negotiate meaning or interpretation. During the reading, the meaning does not go from the page to the reader; instead, it is a complex negotiation between the text and the reader that is shaped by the immediate situational context and broader sociolinguistic contexts (Weaver, 1988).
Reading and Reading Skill
Reading in general is an ability. The reader decodes meaning from printed or written words. In the process of reading, the reader employs his reading skill. The degree of reading skill varies from person to person according to the linguistic competence and background knowledge he possesses.
Some of the important components of reading skills.
- Recognition of the graphemes.
- Recognition of the correlation of graphemes within words.
- Recognizing the relationship between and among sentences in discourse.
- Deducing the meaning of unfamiliar words
- Inferring implicit and explicit information and ideas of the text, etc.
Reading Skills Time: Only 3 Minutes Most Important Note:
1. Write your name in capital words
Classification of Reading
Reading is classified as;
- Extensive reading.
- Intensive reading.
- Skimming involves quickly running one’s eye over at text to get the gist of it.
- Scanning involves quickly going through a text to find a particular piece of information.
- Extensive reading is nothing but reading longer text usually for one’s own pleasure. This is a fluent activity, mainly involving global understanding.
- Intensive reading involves reading shorter texts to extract specific information. This kind of reading is otherwise known as reading for details.
What is skimming?
- Skimming is very fast reading. When you skim, you read to get the main ideas and a few, but not all, of the details. To skim rapidly, you must leave out parts of an article or story.
- Skimming is a very useful skill. It will allow you to get information quickly from anything you read. Knowing how to skim will make you a better reader.
when is skimming required?
How to skim?
- Read the title. If it is an article, check the author, publication date, and source.
- Read the introduction. If it is very long, read only the first paragraph completely. Then, read only the first sentence of every paragraph. That sentence will usually be the main idea of that paragraph.
- Read any headings and sub-headings. The headings, when taken together, form an outline of the main topics covered in the material.
- Notice any pictures, charts, or graphs; they are usually included to emphasize important dates or concepts.
- If you do not get enough information from the headings, or if you are working with material that does not have headings, read the first sentence of each paragraph.
- A glance at the remainder of the paragraph. a. Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases. These are key terms. b. Look for lists of ideas within the text of the material.
- The author may use numerals, such as (1), (2), (3) in the list, or signal words such as first, second, one major cause, another cause, etc.
- Read the summary or last paragraph.
- Scanning is a method of selective reading.
- when searching for a particular fact or answer to a question.
- Scanning can best be described as looking rather than a reading process.
What is scanning?
- Scanning is a reading skill you use when you want to locate a single fact or a specific bit of information without reading every part of the story, article, list, or document.
- You use scanning many times in your daily activities.
- For example, You can: the channel listing on the TV, the telephone directory, and then an alphabetic word in the dictionary.
How to scan?
- State in your mind specifically the information for which you are looking. Phrase it in question form, if possible.
- Try to anticipate how the answer will appear and what clues you might use to help you locate the answer.
- Determine the organization of the material; it is your most important clue to where to begin looking for information. reading techniques, Especially when looking up the information contained in charts and tables, the organization of the information is crucial to rapid scanning.
- Use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information for which you are looking.
- Selectively read and skip through likely sections of the passage, keeping in mind the specific question you formed and your expectations of how the answer might appear. Move your eyes down the page in a systematic way.
- When you have found the needed information, carefully read the sentences in which it appears in order to confirm that you have located the correct information.